With a population between 178 and 200 000 million inhabitants, Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa. Also being the first economy of Africa thanks to its petroleum productions and natural resources, the country suffers from enormous socio-economic inequalities and from corruption.
With this difficult context comes the high violence that the population has to face following the repeated attacks of the terrorist group Boko Haram. In March 2017, 1.69 million displaced people were in the country and 8.5 million people were considered as in a humanitarian emergency situation. The three long years of conflicts have heavily deteriorated the conditions of living in three States in the north-east of the country and made the agricultural output fall, which worsened an already difficult situation.
The recent assessments revealed high severe malnutrition rates and a very high food insecurity for the populations in the north-east of the Borno State. Some landlocked geographical areas could even fall into famine.
If the interventions to fight against malnutrition are not reinforced, the number of malnourished children under 5 could even reach 3 500 000 at the end of the year 2017.
Description of the mission
After the launching of a multi-sectorial evaluation in 2015 and 2016, Première Urgence Internationale set up activities in various complementary domains in order to respond to the vulnerable populations’ needs in the north-east of the Nigeria in health, food security and livelihoods.
The ONG also brings an alimentary assistance in the town of Maiduguri where 70% of the displaced people are located through a vouchers system which allows a direct supply of the beneficiaries in partner stores. A health center receives a support and three mobile clinics have also been launched to improve the healthcare accessibility and to bring a humanitarian aid and a psychological support to the populations affected by the crisis.
Premiere Urgence Internationale in action
Also the needs of the populations impacted by the conflict are terrible and numerous, food security remains the most urgent need for populations. For the first time in its mission, Première Urgence Internationale positioned itself on the subject as a reliable and efficient actor in the host communities of Maiduguri.
However, other important needs are being evaluated by the mission. The affected populations, mainly displaced people, needs non alimentary first aid kits to cook and to transfer water.
The access and the availability of a drinkable water is also a major issue. As the affected population depends on the host communities’ natural resources, the improvement of livelihoods has also been identified as a percipient approach to relieve the burden of this communities and to improve their well-being and also the displaced populations’ wellbeing.
Eventually, given this type of crisis and the scale of massive population displacements, the psychological and sociological needs seems to be major. Première Urgence Internationale’s response will also be developed onto these pre identified axis and will follow the evolution of the crisis.
Interview with Amélie d’Hautefeuille, former field coordinator in Nigeria
Amélie has spent nine months working for the Nigeria mission. She tells us about her experience.
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