Sudan is an incredibly diverse and vast country, at the cross roads between Africa and the middle-east. It hosts over one million refugees from neighboring countries but also Syria and Yemen and its people are known for their generosity, hospitality and kindness. The country have been affected by internal conflicts for decades and intra-communal fights continue to displace people, especially in Darfur and Kordofan states. After the 2019 Revolution, ending 30 years of Omar Bashir’s rule over the country, Sudan is still facing a severe socio-economic crisis, leaving millions of people in need of urgent humanitarian assistance. Based on UN estimates, in 2022, 14.3 million people in Sudan are in need of humanitarian assistance, the highest number ever recorded in the history of the country (in 2020 this number was 9.3 million).
Ongoing conflict in Ukraine is having an impact in Sudan, due to dependency in wheat importation and spiraling price increases of bread and fuel. The number of acutely food insecure people reached 9.8 million in September 2021 (FAO). This has been exacerbated by the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and its effects on the economy and the health care system.
Description of the mission
In Sudan, Première Urgence Internationale’s interventions aim to provide an integrated response to the most urgent and life-saving needs of vulnerable populations, including refugees, internally displaced people, women and children living in remote and hard-to-reach areas. Première Urgence Internationale strives to ensure sustainability, efficiency and effectiveness of its interventions, counting on a committed, experienced and dedicated team of national and international staff. Première Urgence Internationale returned to Sudan in 2020, launching health and nutrition activities in South Kordofan. The mountainous region, close to the border with South Sudan, have been affected by years of conflict and isolation. Half of State health facilities are non-functioning due to lack of resources and medical staff and people in remote and hard to reach areas have to walk for hours to receive life-saving, medical and nutrition care. In June 2021, Première Urgence Internationale launched health and nutrition activities in support to existing health facilities in the surroundings of refugee camps in Gedaref State, supporting local communities, refugees and asylum seeker.
In 2022 and 2023 Première Urgence Internationale will continue focusing on building the capacity of existing health staff and facilities, contributing to the improvement of health and nutrition situation of served communities and affected populations.
Premiere Urgence Internationale in action
In South Kordofan, Première Urgence Internationale is implementing an integrated strategy to address the needs of hard-to-reach populations in Abassiya District. Première Urgence Internationale is working to restore sustainable health care coverage, while providing life-saving health and nutrition services, building on the incredible resilience demonstrated by the people of South Kordofan and their willingness to rebuild their lives, after years of conflict and isolation. To reduce mortality and morbidity from preventable diseases and outbreaks, Première Urgence Internationale ensures that populations have access to the minimum primary health care package – including immunization, nutrition, maternal and reproductive health services. Première Urgence Internationale ‘s intervention is currently focusing on three health centers counting on the support of 45 community health volunteers, conducting screenings for malnutrition, raising awareness on health education, best practices and services provided at the health facility.
In Gedaref state, with the support of the CDCS, Première Urgence Internationale intervened to provide support to two health facilities in the proximity of Tenetba refugee camp, hosting more than 20 000 refuges, serving more than 25 000 people from the surrounding host community.
Thanks to the contribution of the Italian Agency for Cooperation and Development (AICS) and in partnership with Solidarité International (SI), Première Urgence Internationale extended activities to four additional health facilities in remote and hard-to-reach areas, in Basonda and Al Fashaga localities along the border with Ethiopia. Through this action, Première Urgence Internationale provides life-saving health and nutrition services, aiming to contribute to peaceful coexistence, and support the spirit of generosity and hospitality, demonstrated by Sudanese people, welcoming refugees escaping violence in Ethiopia.
Through the support of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Première Urgence Internationale is ensuring the continuity of health and nutrition services for Ethiopian refugees and host population of Village 8 and its transit refugee camp in Eastern Sudan, taking over activities from Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF). Under the same project, Première Urgence Internationale also provides hot-meals to new arrivals and people with special needs in Village 8.
With the participation of the Comité Interministériel d’aide Alimentaire (CIAA) Première Urgence Internationale and SI launched a project aiming at strengthening the food security and nutrition conditions of vulnerable populations in Gedaref state. This project has the objective of addressing emergency food and nutritional needs of families with children reported with Severe Acute Malnutrition, while strengthening community resilience, promoting best practices and raising awareness, to reduce the impact of malnutrition, especially among pregnant and lactating mothers, infants and young children.
Sudan: “anemia, malaria and diarrhea, these sickness use to kill our children before but this is not the case now since we have access to free medication”
The community of Banat in Sudan, like many other communities in South Kordofan Eastern Corridor living in the proximities of Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) controlled areas has been greatly affected by decades of conflict and isolation.
Nawal and her child Ibrahim Abdul Amid Adam adged of 2 years and 9 months old have been approached by Health Community Volunteers of Première Urgence Internationale to reffer her child to Banat Health Facility because he was ill.