Occupied Palestinian Territory
Approximately 5,2 million Palestinians live under Israeli occupation. In 2020, the humanitarian situation in the Occupied Palestinian Territory deteriorated sharply with the impact of the COVID-19 and the acceleration of the West Bank’s annexation.
Tensions have intensified, particularly in Gaza, where the population continues to face limitations on movement and severe restrictions on access to essential services. The majority of Gaza’s population continues to rely on humanitarian aid, with support from the international community increasingly constrained. In Area C of the West Bank and East Jerusalem, settlement expansion, settler violence, demolitions, property confiscation and evictions are intensifying the pressure on Palestinians who are at risk of being forcibly displaced.
Description of the mission
Première Urgence Internationale has been present in the West Bank since 2002, in the governorates of Salfit, Tulkarem, Nablus, Qalqilya and Hebron. It extended its mission to the Gaza Strip in 2009.
Since 2012, Première Urgence Internationale‘s intervention strategy has focused on protective measures and short-term livelihood support activities among populations at risk of forced displacement and other violations of human rights and International Humanitarian Law (IHL) in both the West Bank and Gaza. Première Urgence Internationale focuses on preventive measures and emergency response in Gaza, while longer-term programs are implemented in the West Bank and East Jerusalem.
Premiere Urgence Internationale in action
In 2020, Première Urgence Internationale continued its activities to protect the most vulnerable Palestinian populations. In the West Bank, an alert and response system for victims of settler attacks is operational. Teams have strengthened their capacity to respond urgently to communities affected by settler attacks throughout the occupied West Bank.
In the Gaza Strip, teams are supporting communities living in the restricted area on sea and land, particularly farmers and fishermen impacted by the blockade and the destruction of their livelihoods. Also in Gaza, a new project provides comprehensive support to patients at the limb reconstruction center and their families.
New activities have been developed to provide hygiene kits and accurate and appropriate information on the COVID-19 pandemic to the most isolated girls, boys and families.
In cooperation with academic partners, Première Urgence Internationale is also carrying out a multidimensional program to strengthen the professional training of young people and their capacity for resilience through the protection of heritage.
Finally, advocacy also remains a key issue for the protection of Palestinian rights at the local and international levels.
Environmental Impunity: The impact of Settlements Waste Water Discharge in the West Bank
Living through the pandemic has highlighted to all of us how important a healthy and safe environment is. Many Palestinians in rural areas, already living under military occupation, are facing an additional environmental and health crisis as their land is being deliberately and steadily polluted.
“Prior Coordination Area”: a common strategy for Israeli settlers to force Palestinians off their land
[Infographics] In the West Bank, Première Urgence Internationale continues setting up protection activities, to defend the rights of Palestinians. In spite of the COVID-19 pandemic, Israeli settlers’ violence keeps increasing in the Occupied Palestinian territory. This is part of a common strategy of illegal appropriation of land: see our explanatory comic strip.