The collapse of communism, a series of natural disasters… North Korea passed from a food surplus situation in the 1990s to a major crisis called “the Great Famine”. The issues of underfeeding and of malnutrition remain matters of concern. The precise evaluation of the humanitarian situation in North Korea is a constant challenge. We estimate that 18 million people on 25 North Koreans will need humanitarian assistance in the next years.
Description of the mission
Permière Urgence Internationale is one of the 6 NGOS which have been authorized to lead humanitarian and developing programs in North Korea under the cover of the European Commission. The NGO has been in attendance in the country since 2002. It first intervened in the health sector. Since 2007, the association has focalized its intervention on food security and nutrition.
Première Urgence Internationale mainly leads actions in the province of South Hwanghae, called “the bread basket”. The association has focused its interventions on food productions for children (dairy products, vegetables, bread…) in order to contribute to diversify their alimentation since 2012. A second project of for the promotion of goat farming and of goat’s milk was launched in October 2016.
Premiere Urgence Internationale in action
The mission brings support to health structures in order to address the needs of populations. Première Urgence Internationale also deploys a project for the University of agriculture of Haeju, the capital of the province of South Hwanghae. The structure assures the training of their technical and administrative human resources and lead works on the agriculture and the breading. The NGO intervenes at the institutional level for the development of the regional food safety.
Despite great difficulties to find funding, Première Urgence Internationale persists in wanting to maintain its commitment in the province of South Hwanghae and in the rest of the country in the years to come. This commitment is showed with the implementation of integrated projects recovering the domains of food safety and of nutrition.
Understanding the food and nutrition situation in North Korea
Camille, engineer specialised in agricultural development, gives us keys toward a better understanding of North Korea’s food and nutrition situation.
Ten water pumps against drought in North Korea
A thread of drought has been hovering over North Korea. Present in the country since 2002, Première Urgence Internationale mobilizes 10 mobile water pumps to support five farms.