Humanitarian context

After more than 40 years of conflict, Afghanistan remains one of the world’s most complex humanitarian crises, characterised by both urgent and chronic needs. In 2021, the conflict intensified with violence that heavily affected the Afghan population. The IEA (Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan) takeover on August 15th 2021 was a major turning point for the country, with increasing humanitarian challenges.

In 2022, 24.4 million people (nearly 59% of the population) will require humanitarian assistance, compared to 18.4 million in 2021. 22.8 of them million will be severely food insecure and 3.2 million children could suffer from acute malnutrition. The health system, already weakened by the conflict, natural disasters and the COVID-19 pandemic, has continued to deteriorate in 2021. One year after the IEA took power, the sustainability of the country’s public health system is therefore at stake.

1Humanitarian Needs Overview Afghanistan 2022

Key figures

Year of mission
National staff
Expatriate staff
603 512

Description of the mission

The Afghan mission is Première Urgence Internationale’s historic mission as it has been ongoing since 1979. Nowadays, the teams are mainly active in the eastern regions bordering Pakistan, which are affected by a high rate of population displacement. Première Urgence Internationale intervenes in the provinces of Ghazni, Kabul, Kandahar, Khost, Kunar, Logar, Nangarhar, Laghman, Nuristan, Paktika, Paktya, Uruzgan, Wardak, and Zabul to respond to emergencies and contribute to the improvement of the health system.

Premiere Urgence Internationale in action


Première Urgence Internationale‘s intervention includes access to primary care through the reinforcement of existing health facilities (rehabilitation of the first aid post, secondary health centres and support for the provincial hospital), as well as the deployment of mobile clinics to respond to the vital needs of populations in remote areas that are difficult to access. The teams also provide psychological support to the population.

At the core of Première Urgence Internationale’s humanitarian response in Afghanistan, the team provides emergency assistance to communities in various fields such as health, nutrition, mental health and psychosocial support, water, hygiene and sanitation, and also develops actions to improve community resilience in collaboration and coordination with other humanitarian partners.

Through its approach, Première Urgence Internationale seeks to take into account all the dimensions of the needs of people affected by the crisis, and to propose a combination of solutions that will have a lasting impact on them. PUI therefore integrates psychosocial support to maternal and neonatal care for vulnerable mothers and their babies in order to strengthen the mother-child bond and improve the nutritional status of newborns.

Pictures of the humanitarian mission in Afghanistan

Our partners

Programme Alimentaire Mondial

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Stats Each year, Première Urgence Internationale allocates most of its resources to the programs and activities and only 0.2% to fundraising. Your donations are crucial.

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Your donations ensure our freedom of action. They allow us to provide support to those affected by crises that have been forgotten by the media and institutional sponsors. It means that the decisions of how to use all of the donations collected are taken by the organisation. It gives us the freedom to act and to increase our responsiveness.
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