Central African Republic
The Central African Republic (CAR) has been weakened for almost thirty years by repeated military and political crises. The tense security environment, environmental factors and the impact of the crisis in Ukraine, particularly on the prices of fuel and essential goods, most of which are imported, are all factors in explaining the increase in humanitarian needs in the CAR in 2022.
According to the 2022 Humanitarian Needs Outlook published by the United Nations Humanitarian Office (OCHA), 3.1 million people in the CAR now need humanitarian aid, compared to 2.8 million in 2021. This represents 63% of the country’s population. Of these 3.1 million people, 2.2 million are in urgent need. 2.4 million are facing acute food insecurity, up from 2.3 million the previous year.
Another area of particular concern: health, with an estimated 2.7 million people in need.
Description of the mission
Première Urgence Internationale is present since 2007 in the CAR, with the objective of responding to the needs of vulnerable populations who have been victims of crises in the country for several decades. The organization’s activities have therefore continued in the country despite the steady deterioration in the security environment that the CAR has experienced in recent years, and even in recent years.
Première Urgence Internationale works in multiple sectors, the main ones being health and nutrition, logistics, food security, and water, hygiene and sanitation (WASH).
Première Urgence Internationale is currently present in the capital Bangui via its Coordination Office, as well as in the prefectures of Bamingui-Bangoran, with an operational base in Ndélé and Lim-Pendé, with a second base in Paoua.
Premiere Urgence Internationale in action
In Bangui, in order to improve the efficiency and speed of the humanitarian response, Première Urgence Internationale carries out various logistical activities, including the management of a storage platform with space for medicines made available to humanitarian actors.
Première Urgence Internationale in Ndélé and the Bamingui Bangoran Department, work to strengthen the health system, increase the availability of drinking water and sanitation infrastructure, strengthen rural resilience and sustainably improve food and nutrition security in communities.
Finally, the NGO opened a base in Paoua at the end of 2021, supporting the health system through the city’s reference hospital and 4 health centers in rural areas.
Photos : © Antoine Hoguet
“Here in Bamingui-Bangoran, Central African Republic, the medical systems are insufficient to ensure our health.”
This region in the northeast of the country is particularly isolated, and access to quality health care is often difficult. The chronic crises affecting the country has severely weakened the health system, and the geographic isolation of the prefecture, combined with a poor road network, exacerbates the difficulties of accessing the Ndélé District Hospital.
Restoring livelihoods for the most vulnerable households impacted by the conflicts in Bangui
Decades of cyclical crises have plunged Central African Republic into a deep state of vulnerability, the country ranking second to last in the 2020 Human Development Index. This protracted insecurity and instability has seriously impacted the economy of the country, with unemployment rising up to 24.2% in 2016(1).