Myanmar / Burma is one of the most disaster-prone countries in Asia where humanitarian needs are the result of a complex combination of vulnerabilities caused by exposure to extreme natural disasters, chronic poverty and inter-communal tensions that affect people in large parts of the country.
Since 2002, more than 13 million people have been affected by natural disasters, including cyclones, several major earthquakes, and severe flooding1.
About 241,000 displaced people remain in camps in Kachin, Kayin, Shan and Rakhine states as a consequence of armed conflicts, while almost one million people escaped to Bangladesh after intensified violence in 2017. In the 80’s hundreds of thousands of people was fleeing to Thailand during attacks opposing ethnic armed groups to military factions in Kayin state.
1 Humanitarian needs overview.
Description of the mission
Première Urgence Internationale (PUI) entered Myanmar/ Burma in 1984 as Aide Médicale Internationale (AMI), training medical teams on the border and managing health in Thai border camps. Première Urgence Internationale started a Yangon WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) in 2001, and implemented health programs with a focus on access to primary health care, emergency and Maternal Neonatal and Child Health (MNCH) in Yangon, Kayin, Tanitaryi, Rakhine, Kachin, Sagaing, Wa and Lashio.
In 2003, Première Urgence Internationale provided care for patients with sexually transmitted infections including HIV and AIDS prevention starting with 900 antiretroviral therapy (ART) patients under Global Fund until July 2018 reaching 6,300 patients.
In 2011, sexual and reproductive health was added in South Yangon.
Première Urgence International is starting a new program in Kayin to increase resilience of population affected by the conflict through an integrated approach which aims at improving the access to water and health facilities, and reinforcing livelihood of communities living in the area.
Premiere Urgence Internationale in action
Première Urgence Internationale is implementing HIV prevention program for male, female and LGBT sex workers funded by Global Fund in six townships. This includes: Education and Behavior Change Communication (BCC), condom distribution, testing and counseling, sexually transmitted infections treatment, community strengthening, outreach, referral, defaulter tracing, nutrition and community based psychosocial support.
Première Urgence Internationale is exploring adding Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV) and Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) to our current programming.
A CLEAN WATER NETWORK FOR THE PEOPLE OF KAYIN
The inhabitants of the Kayin State have to deal with countless diseases, all because of poor water quality. Along with two technical experts from Aquassistance, Timothée Le Guellec, an expert in water, sanitation and hygiene for Première Urgence Internationale formed an evaluation team that went to south-eastern Myanmar, to the Kayin State, to analyse the situation and offer solutions.
An app to assist people affected by HIV
In Myanmar Première Urgence Internationale is implementing a HIV prevention and case management program. Our teams do this by running HIV and sex education and awareness programs, testing key populations, providing counseling to at-risk and HIV positive populations. In collaboration with the Myanmar authorities and People Living with HIV in Myanmar, PUI plans to launch an online platform, “HiPEN”, to facilitate access to information.