Burkina Faso, which had so far escaped the regional instability caused by the fall of the Libyan regime in 2011, has seen its context gradually deteriorate since the popular uprising in autumn 2014. Since 2016, radical groups have redirected their actions to Burkina Faso because they found in the Burkinabé Sahel region a breeding ground for development.
The growing insecurity in the country affects around 1.5 million people according to the last OCHA situation report of November 27, 2019. Thus, while in January 2018 there were around 9,000 displaced people in the country, in February 2020 they are close to 765,000 with projections of increase during the year 2020, in view of the change in the deterioration of the security situation.
According to the OCHA situation report of December 9, 2019, a total of 1.2 million people are affected in terms of health, 95 health centers are closed and 135 of its are operating at least across the country. In addition, the transfer of patients to more developed health centers is becoming increasingly difficult, due to the lack of ambulances.
Description of the mission
Present since 2013 in Mali and since 2018 in Niger, Première Urgence Internationale has witnessed the worrying development of the cross-border context between Mali, Niger, and Burkina Faso.
In the regions of Gao, Mopti and Kidal, Première Urgence Internationale teams are implementing an integrated approach allowing the health and nutritional care of the populations affected by the crisis. Since Niger has directly suffered the effects of the Malian crisis and the ongoing conflict on the border territory of the Tillabéri and Tahoua regions, Première Urgence Internationale has been running since 2018 a project of assistance to the populations in primary health care, in the district of Ouallam, province of Tillabéri. Burkina Faso has suffered the consequences of this Malian crisis, adding to the social problems already existing in the country. Première Urgence Internationale has therefore decided to expand its activities in the eastern region of Burkina Faso to help reduce the morbidity and mortality of populations affected by the crisis.
Première Urgence Internationale’s regional approach allows it to respond to the needs of vulnerable people affected by the Sahelian crisis from one side to the other of the borders.
Premiere Urgence Internationale in action
Première Urgence Internationale’s strategy is based on its ability to adapt to a highly unstable context by ensuring basic living conditions and reducing the mortality and morbidity of the most vulnerable populations; On the other hand, by supporting health structures, health authorities, communities and partners and improving the coverage of primary and secondary health care. The strengthening of the health system will be based on the analysis of the various pillars of this system in the targeted area: strengthening it to improve the capacity to respond to the security and humanitarian situation, to the probability of climatic and economic shocks, which could degrade and further destabilise the country. To reduce maternal and infant mortality and morbidity.