The security situation in Burkina Faso has deteriorated rapidly since 2018 with a very strong movement of many armed opposition groups. A dramatic increase in internal displacement has been recorded, from 237 000 people in July 2019 to over one million in August 2020.
Growing insecurity has led to the suspension or weakening of public services in many areas, such as health and nutrition. The deterioration of public infrastructure is the result of a lack of human, financial, and material resources, as well as the difficulties of the state and communities in ensuring the recovery of the system. The most vulnerable populations, such as children under five years of age and pregnant and lactating women, are even more affected.
Description of the mission
Première Urgence Internationale conducted two assessments in health, nutrition and Water, Hygiene and Sanitation (WASH) in January 2019 and again in December 2019 in the Eastern region of Burkina Faso to assess humanitarian needs and its capacity to respond. The mission opened in 2020 with the implementation of two projects in the health district of Fada in the East region.
Premiere Urgence Internationale in action
In 2021, two projects offer support for the provision of secondary health care for the reproductive health service at the Regional Hospital of Fada, support for six health centers, and the establishment of a mobile clinic to include displaced populations and intervene in case of health emergencies. Faced with the deterioration of the security situation, Première Urgence Internationale has also developed a rapid response component to be able to address the immediate health needs of populations affected by sudden shocks.
The NGO’s goal in Burkina Faso is to improve access to quality health care, support referencing, ensure continuity of care at the community level and at health structures’ level for primary and secondary care, strengthen prevention and management of malnutrition. As well as improving epidemic response and the provision of psychosocial and psychological care from the mobile clinic, and the detection and referral of cases of gender-based violence (GBV).
A regional strategy for Central Sahel is also being developed by Première Urgence Internationale in conjunction with the Mali and Niger missions to strengthen our impact in this complex crisis.
BURKINA FASO: DEPLOYMENT OF AN ADVANCED HEALTH POST IN SEBBA
The security context continued to deteriorate in Burkina Faso during the year 2021, and the town of Sebba, in the Yagha province in the Sahel, remains the target of multiple armed attacks against the civilian population. The population movements generated by these acts destabilize the town and put great pressure on the health sector. Following the attack on the village of Solhan, Première Urgence Internationale was able to mobilize in order to set up an advanced health post (AHP) capable of responding to the needs of vulnerable populations in terms of both health and nutrition.
Burkina Faso: assistance to the population affected by violence
With 20 million inhabitants and a surface about half the size of France, Burkina Faso is facing a major humanitarian and security crisis because of the regional instability that takes place in Sahel. This crisis has caused the displacement of more than one million people today (5% of the population) which is equivalent to three million people, compared to a country like France. Première Urgence Internationale brings assistance to the populations in Burkina Faso.