Mali is a Sahelian country of about 20 million inhabitants, with a surface area of about 1.2 million square kilometres, two-thirds of which is desert. According to the Human Development Report published by the UNDP in 2019, Mali ranks 184th out of 189 countries.
Protracted humanitarian crises are rooted in a breeding ground of socio-political and economic vulnerabilities exacerbated by underdevelopment, chronic poverty and recurring climatic shocks. Since 2012, the weak authority and presence of the state – in central and northern Mali in particular – has aggravated inequalities and exacerbated insecurity while leading to the abandonment or weakening of public services, particularly in the areas of health and nutrition. The most vulnerable populations, such as children and women, are all the more affected.
Even before the COVID-19 pandemic, which occurred in Mali on 25 March 2020, out of 20 million people, 8.2 million would be affected by the crisis and 4.3 million people would be in need (including 2.4 million children and 866,000 women), an increase of almost 25% compared to 3.2 million in 2019.
Description of the mission
Première Urgence Internationale has been intervening in Mali since 2013, in the regions of Kidal (circle of Kidal, Tessalit and Abeibara), Gao (circle of Ansongo – 2014) and Mopti (circle of Bankass and Bandiagara – 2019 and circle of Mopti – 2020). The coordination office is based in Bamako.
The aim of the organisation is to provide a more holistic response to populations. This is done through the continuation of its assistance in the field of health and nutrition and the integration of new sectors such as protection (psychological support for survivors of gender-based violence, birth certificates) and water, hygiene and sanitation.
The quality of its programmes, its knowledge of the field and its good local acceptance enable Première Urgence Internationale to intervene in areas where humanitarian access is limited.
Premiere Urgence Internationale in action
The programmes carried out aim to improve access to quality medical and nutritional care for the population. Due to their vulnerability, children under the age of five, pregnant or breastfeeding women and internal displaced persons (IDPs) are the main beneficiaries of the activities implemented.
PUI supports 50 health centres and deploys 5 mobile clinics to ensure access to health services for populations living in remote areas. It trains health workers and rehabilitates infrastructures to ensure their future autonomy. The NGO also carries out screening activities for child malnutrition and their treatment. In 2019, 224,967 beneficiaries had improved access to health and nutrition.
Première Urgence Internationale strives to carry out integrated projects, that is to say to take into account all the causes of a problem in a multi-sectorial response (health, nutrition, water and sanitation, protection, etc.).
Mali: Intervention of Première Urgence Internationale’s mobile teams to help the most isolated populations
Première Urgence Internationale has been present in Gao region and more precisely in Ansongo circle located in the South-East (about 200 000 inhabitants) since 2014. The NGO’s mobile teams provide medical and nutritional assistance in hard-to-reach places and for the most vulnerable people.
Mali : « Awareness and Information sharing is my lifeblood »
Mr. Mohamedine Ag Oufene, 50 years old, is a community mobilizer working with Première Urgence Internationale in the region of Kidal since 2015.