Since 2020, Ethiopia has been hit by a historic drought. By the end of 2022, more than 24 million people were affected (22% of the population), including nearly 10 million in urgent need of food assistance. The drought adds to a context of galloping inflation, with multiple causes (COVID-19 pandemic, war in Ukraine, conflict in the north of the country, drought), which has plunged part of the Ethiopian population into deep poverty. In 2023, the United Nations plans to target 20.1 million people with emergency food assistance.
The conflict in Tigray and in the north of the country, from 2020 to the end of 2022, has caused an unprecedented humanitarian crisis in the country. Many basic infrastructures (health centers, schools, access to water) have been destroyed or damaged in the Tigray, Afar and Amhara regions. Despite the cessation of hostilities, the humanitarian situation remains critical there for millions of people. In other parts of the country, some local conflicts also have severe humanitarian consequences. This is notably the case in the Benishangul-Gumuz region in the west of the country. A particularly intense conflict between 2018 and 2022 has displaced more than 400,000 people and made 40% of health infrastructures dysfunctional to this day.
In total, in 2023, more than 28 million people need humanitarian assistance in Ethiopia, which represents a quarter of the population of the second most populous country on the African continent.
Description of the mission
Première Urgence Internationale has been registered in Ethiopia since mid-2022. Since then, the organization has conducted multiple assessments of needs throughout the Ethiopian territory, in order to measure the impact of different crises and develop methodologies adapted to the specificities of each region.
Thus, Première Urgence Internationale has been able to evaluate the needs of the response to the nutritional crisis affecting the areas affected by drought in regions with very different biomes and populations (desert pastoral areas of Afar, dry pastoral areas of Borena in southern Oromia, mountain agricultural areas of Hadiya).
Première Urgence Internationale has also been able to identify and analyze the needs related to the recovery of health systems and access to basic water, hygiene, and sanitation services in conflict-affected areas (such as Afar or Benishangul-Gumuz).
In 2023, Première Urgence Internationale intends to respond to the growing needs of these populations affected by internal conflicts and climatic phenomena. The organization’s projects contribute to the emergency response to the nutritional crisis in the country, while supporting the recovery and strengthening of local health systems.
Premiere Urgence Internationale in action
Première Urgence Internationale’s interventions aim to provide an integrated response to the most urgent and vital needs of vulnerable populations, particularly in remote and difficult-to-reach areas. Première Urgence Internationale strives to ensure the sustainability, efficiency, and effectiveness of its interventions, relying on a dedicated, experienced, and devoted team.
Première Urgence Internationale intends to fight against mortality and the consequences of malnutrition in children and pregnant women through an integrated emergency response that takes into account the essential needs of patients and affected communities. Thus, in addition to supporting community and clinical management programs for malnutrition, Première Urgence Internationale intends to support access to primary health care services, access to sufficient and diversified food, and access to water, hygiene, and sanitation services.
World Water Day: Climate disasters remind us that water access is far from being a given, for both North and South
While states are meeting this week at the UN headquarters in New York to discuss the challenges related to water, civil society organizations are raising the alarm about the unprecedented level of humanitarian needs in terms of access to water, hygiene and sanitation (WASH).
On the occasion of World Water Day, Timothée LE GUELLEC, WASH Advisor at Première Urgence Internationale, reminds what are the main actions on which the international community must act.