With 80% of its population living below the poverty line, Yemen is one of the poorest countries in the world. Since the Yemeni revolution of 2011, the country has been facing a major political crisis. A crisis that turned into a large-scale military conflict in 2014. The country has been split in two since the beginning of the conflict, the south being ruled by the Yemeni state – recognized by the international community – while the north, where 70% of the population lives, is controlled by the Shiite Houthist rebellion. The conflict, the collapse of the economy and the fragility of the health care system, as well as the pandemic of the COVID-19 are all factors that lead to the deterioration of the living conditions of the population. Recognized as the world’s worst humanitarian crisis in four years, with more than 20,7 million Yemenis (66% of the population) in need of humanitarian assistance, the country is currently headed for the worst famine the world has seen in decades.
Source: Yemen Humanitarian Needs Overview 2021
Description of the mission
Première Urgence Internationale has been present in Yemen since 2007. Between 2007 and 2011, the NGO supported the primary health system in the Governorate of Hodeidah (north), which, like the rest of the country, is marked by high rates of food insecurity and severe chronic malnutrition.
After a year’s interruption for security reasons, the mission resumed its activities in Hodeidah and extended its intervention to the Governorate of Raymah (north) in 2013. Première Urgence Internationale is one of the only NGOs present in this hard-to-reach administrative division. Since 2019, the NGO has also been operating in the Governorate of Taiz, in the south of the country by implementing the same type of activities in the health and nutrition sectors.
Premiere Urgence Internationale in action
In the face of this critical situation of malnutrition and deterioration of the primary health care system, Première Urgence Internationale implements health, nutrition and food security programs, supporting health structures in the most affected areas of Hodeidah, Raymah and Taiz Governorates.
The main areas of intervention of the mission are the fight against malnutrition and the improvement of access to the primary health care system (with an emphasis on sexual and reproductive health). The NGO is involved in the provision of medical and nutritional inputs, training of medical staff and general maintenance of targeted infrastructure in the intervention areas. As part of this integrated approach, Première Urgence Internationale also implements rehabilitation activities of sanitary infrastructure in health centers, as well as food security activities through the distribution of food baskets to households with children suffering from severe acute malnutrition. In order to have a more sustainable impact, community volunteers are trained in the dissemination of good practices related to health, hygiene and nutrition.
SABAH IS A YENEMI COMMUNITY HEALTH VOLUNTEER: THANKS TO HER COMMITMENT SHE HAS ENABLED YASMIN AND HER FAMILY TO IMPROVE THEIR LIVING CONDITIONS AND REGAIN SERENITY
It is estimated that about 75% of the population of Yemen lives in rural areas and more than 70% of them have difficulties in accessing basic health services. Children and women, in particular, suffer from health and nutrition problems and therefore need extensive health care to improve their current critical condition. In such a situation, the development of the Community Health Volunteer system is one of the possible measures to address the health problems of children and women.
Yemen: Première Urgence Internationale provides access to healthcare in Jahzar
In January 2021, Première Urgence Internationale rehabilitated Jahzar Health Unit in Mokha district, Taiz governorate. A relief for residents of this rural area who struggle to access health care.